Quenching Thirst Sustainably: A Review Of The Best Water Fountain With Bottle Filler
In an era of eco-friendliness and health consciousness, introducing the water fountain with bottle fillers has been a game changer. This innovative combination not only presents a sustainable solution to the excessive use of plastic bottles but also aligns with our fast-paced, health-oriented lifestyles. This article examines these modern hydration stations, their features, benefits, and how they contribute to our pursuit of a more sustainable, health-conscious world. Step into the future of hydration with us as we delve into the water fountain with bottle fillers.
Water Fountain With Bottle Filler Comparison [year]
- Best For Overall: Elkay LK4409BFRED Wall Mounted Outdoor Bi-Level Drinking Fountain and Bottle Filler
- Best For Durability: Global Industrial Outdoor Bottle Filler & Bi-Level Drinking Fountain & Pet Station
- Best For Capacity and Flow Rate: Elkay EZH2O Bottle Filling Station
- Best For User-friendliness: Global Industrial Outdoor Bottle Filling Station & Drinking Fountain
- Best For Additional Features: Halsey Taylor HTHB-HAC8SS-NF Stainless HydroBoost Water Refilling Station
Water Fountain With Bottle Filler Reviews [year]
Best For Overall – Elkay LK4409BFRED Wall Mounted Outdoor Bi-Level Drinking Fountain and Bottle Filler
Using the Elkay LK4409BFRED Wall Mounted Outdoor Bi-Level Drinking Fountain and Bottle Filler, I can attest to its practicality and durability. Its stainless steel construction is sturdy and corrosion-resistant, making it perfect for outdoor use.
The triple station feature is particularly useful, allowing multiple individuals to access water simultaneously. The push-button flow control and vandal-resistant bubbler head are features I applaud for their user-friendliness and resilience.
I also appreciate the laminar flow feature, which ensures a clean fill with minimal splashing. This water fountain is completely ADA Compliant and proudly made in America. Despite its non-filtered feature, it offers excellent value for its cost.
- Durable and corrosion-resistant stainless steel construction provides longevity.
- The triple station feature allows multiple users at once, enhancing usability.
- The vandal-resistant bubbler head and push-button flow control ensure resilience and user-friendliness.
- Laminar flow offers a clean fill with minimal splashing, promoting hygiene.
- ADA-compliant and made in America, ensuring compliance with standards.
- It’s not filtered.
- The product is quite heavy (102.6 pounds), which may limit its portability.
- It’s a non-refrigerated fountain.
Best For Durability – Global Industrial Outdoor Bottle Filler & Bi-Level Drinking Fountain & Pet Station
In my experience, the Global Industrial Outdoor Bottle Filler & Bi-Level Drinking Fountain & Pet Station stands out due to its multifunctional design and durability. It caters to various needs in one unit with 2 drinking fountain stations, a bottle filling station, and even a pet fountain.
Being ADA-compliant, it is accessible, making it a thoughtful addition to any public space. What impressed me even more was the use of Stainless Steel 316 in its construction, which is known for its exceptional corrosion resistance.
Green creates a pleasing aesthetic that can blend well with outdoor environments. It is also environmentally friendly and comes with a corded electric power source, adding convenience.
Weighing 158 pounds, it feels sturdy and well-built. Considering these features, this product offers excellent value.
- Multifunctional design: Features 2 drinking fountain stations, a bottle filling station, and a pet fountain, catering to various needs in one unit.
- High-quality construction: Made of Stainless Steel 316, known for its excellent corrosion resistance, ensuring long-term durability.
- ADA compliant: Accessible to individuals with disabilities, promoting inclusivity in public spaces.
- Environmentally friendly: Conscious of reducing our carbon footprint and promoting a green future.
- Heavier than average: Weighing 158 pounds may pose challenges during setup and installation.
- Corded electric power source: While convenient, it requires an accessible power supply, which may limit placement options.
Best For Capacity and Flow Rate – Elkay EZH2O Bottle Filling Station
Based on my experience, the Elkay EZH2O Bottle Filling Station is an impressive, high-quality product. Its touchless, sensor-activated bottle filler is convenient and designed to withstand vandals.
I appreciate its energy efficiency, thanks to the high-performance compressor and insulation. The fill rate of 1.1 GPM is very satisfactory, and the visual filter monitor with LED filter status indicator is very useful to know when a filter change is necessary.
The water tastes great, indicating that the 3,000-gallon filter effectively reduces lead, particulates, chlorine, taste, and odor. The stainless steel construction exudes a sense of quality and durability. It’s a great investment, especially for public spaces or offices.
- Sensor-activated, touchless bottle filler for easy and hygienic use.
- Vandal-resistant design, ensuring durability and longevity.
- High-performance compressor and insulation that significantly cut down on energy consumption.
- Quick fill rate of 1.1 GPM for user convenience.
- Visual filter monitor with a helpful LED indicator for timely filter changes.
- NSF-certified 3,000-gallon filter effectively improves water quality.
- Stainless steel construction, though sturdy, may require regular cleaning to maintain its shine.
- The size may be large for smaller spaces.
- Initial installation may require professional help.
Best For User-friendliness – Global Industrial Outdoor Bottle Filling Station & Drinking Fountain
The Global Industrial Outdoor Bottle Filling Station & Drinking Fountain is a fantastic addition to any outdoor setting. I was immediately attracted to the brand’s commitment to environmental responsibility.
This isn’t just a drinking fountain; it’s a statement about preserving the environment. The construction is robust and reliable, promising longevity. The fountain’s functionality is seamless, providing a steady flow of clean, refreshing water at every use.
Being ADA-compliant, it is easily accessible and user-friendly. I appreciate the brand’s attention to detail and commitment to quality and sustainability. It’s an investment that yields high returns in terms of convenience and environmental impact.
- Environmentally friendly: The brand’s commitment to preserving the environment is commendable, making this a drinking fountain and a conscientious choice.
- Robust and reliable: The construction promises longevity, adding value for money.
- User-friendliness: Its ADA compliance ensures that it is easily accessible and user-friendly.
- Installation: As with any outdoor fixture, installation may require professional assistance and could incur additional costs.
- Size: Depending on the location, the unit’s size could be a limitation, particularly in smaller spaces.
Best For Additional Features – Halsey Taylor HTHB-HAC8SS-NF Stainless HydroBoost Water Refilling Station
The Halsey Taylor HTHB-HAC8SS-NF Stainless HydroBoost Water Refilling Station has satisfied me. The popular HydroBoost automatic bottle filling station is a standout feature, efficiently providing cold water on the go.
I particularly admire the superior laminar flow on the bottle filler and the patented anti-squirt double bubbler, which effectively keeps the water where it’s supposed to be and not splashed around.
The automatic water shut-off once the bottle is removed or if there’s an obstruction in front of the sensor is a thoughtful, safety-conscious feature. The self-closing, light touch front and side push bar actuation with raised letters is a significant consideration for the visually impaired.
Lastly, the type 300 series stainless steel top with a satin finish looks good, resists stains, and minimizes splatter, making maintenance a breeze.
- HydroBoost automatic bottle filling station ensures quick and cold water refill.
- Superior laminar flow and double bubbler design prevent water from splashing around.
- Automatic water shut-off system for increased safety.
- Self-closing, light touch front and side push bars with raised letters cater specifically to the visually impaired.
- Type 300 series stainless steel top with satin finish resists stains and minimizes splatter, simplifying maintenance.
- Being heavy at 75 pounds, it might require professional assistance to install.
- The wall-mounted design might not be suitable for all locations.
- Continuous use might lead to the need for regular maintenance of the stainless steel surface to keep its appearance.
Oasis P5CP Compact Free-Standing Cool Water Drinking Fountain
The Oasis P5CP Compact Free-Standing Cool Water Drinking Fountain has impressed me with its efficient design and functionality. Its lead-free waterways assure me of safe water consumption.
The non-squirt feature and flexible bubbler guard, combined with an activation handle, offer a simple yet effective mechanism for water flow activation. I also appreciate the high-efficiency cooling tank and coil, which consistently supply chilled water, adding convenience.
The stainless steel top and the heavy-gauge steel cabinet are sturdy and well-built, something I appreciate in my appliances. Above all, the fact that it complies with the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments and other certification standards provides me with the assurance of a safe, high-quality product.
The standing style helps save space without compromising the functionality, making it a great addition to any location.
- The lead-free waterways ensure safe water consumption.
- The non-squirt feature and flexible bubbler guard provide hassle-free water flow activation.
- The high-efficiency cooling tank and coil reliably supply chilled water.
- Sturdy construction with a stainless steel top and heavy-gauge steel cabinet promise durability.
- Compliance with various safety and quality standards assures a high-quality product.
- The separate galvanized steel base may require additional care and maintenance.
- The sandstone color may not blend well with all interiors.
- It might require professional installation due to the standing style design.
- Despite having a good capacity, frequent refilling may be necessary if used by a larger group.
Elkay EHFSA8L1Z Wall Mount ADA Cooler
I found the Elkay EHFSA8L1Z Wall Mount ADA Cooler to be a remarkable fixture that combines utility and aesthetic appeal. Its light gray granite color and steel material give it an attractive, sturdy presence.
The 8-gallon capacity is generous; at 70 pounds, it’s solidly built yet manageable. From an accessibility standpoint, the barrier-free ADA design ensures everyone can use it when correctly installed.
The one-piece backsplash and basin, polished to a satin finish, adds a touch of elegance, while the light-touch controls on the front and sides offer effortless operation.
I also appreciate the Flexi-Guard bubbler – it provides a flexible antimicrobial mouth guard to protect against injury and germs and helps reduce water waste.
The durable and attractive vinyl-clad finish is a bonus, as is its suitability for indoor use. The water fountain with bottle filler would be a versatile addition to any public space or institution.
- Attractive Light Gray Granite color and sturdy steel material enhance the overall look.
- Generous 8-gallon capacity caters to many people before needing a refill.
- Barrier-free, ADA design ensures people of all abilities can use it.
- With a satin finish, the one-piece backsplash and basin offer a sleek, polished look.
- Light-touch controls on the front and sides make operation simple and easy.
- The Flexi-Guard bubbler adds a protective layer against injury and germs and aids in reducing water waste.
- A durable and attractive vinyl-clad finish ensures longevity and maintains aesthetics.
- It is suited for indoor use, making it versatile for various setups.
- The cooler weighs 70 pounds, which might make installation a bit challenging.
- The ADA design, while inclusive, requires careful installation to meet standards.
- Indoor rating may limit its placement in outdoor settings.
- The Flexi-Guard bubbler, while beneficial, might require some getting used to for first-time users.
Oasis PG8AC VersaCooler II Energy/Water Drinking Fountain
The Oasis PG8AC VersaCooler II stands out for its high capacity and superior construction materials. The delivery of 8 gallons of chilled water per hour ensures constant refreshment, fitting perfectly into my busy office environment.
Furthermore, the filter’s ability to catch particles before entering the waterway leaves me confident in its purity. I appreciate the sturdy stainless steel top and heavy-duty galvanized steel frame, which provide a sense of durability.
The sanitary design, specifically the basin to eliminate splashing and standing water, further enhances my user experience.
And lastly, the promise of drinking water free from metals, thanks to its point-of-use filtration equipment, gives me peace of mind about the water I consume daily.
The Oasis PG8AC VersaCooler II is a reliable and high-quality water drinking fountain based on these features.
- High capacity: It delivers 8 gallons of chilled drinking water per hour, ensuring constant refreshment.
- Quality construction: The stainless steel top and heavy-duty galvanized steel frame ensure durability.
- Sanitary design: The one-piece water-saving bubbler guard and basin are designed to eliminate splashing and standing water.
- Filtration system: The built-in 100-micron strainer and point-of-use filtration equipment provide clean, metal-free water.
- Size: Its high capacity may occupy more space than smaller models.
- Installation: It might require professional installation, adding to the overall cost.
- Maintenance: Regular filter changes may be needed to ensure water quality.
Elkay Soft Sides Single Fountain
The Elkay Soft Sides Single Fountain has greatly impressed me with its practical design and durability. The stainless steel color, coupled with the brass material, gives it a sleek and modern appearance, reflecting the quality of the Elkay brand.
The contoured design of the fountain confers an attractive aesthetic while also ensuring user safety. The mechanical push-button bubbler is a feature I appreciate, as it continues to supply water even without electricity.
Much like the ADA cooler, the Flexi-Guard bubbler on this model provides a flexible mouth guard for user protection. The stainless steel finish enhances the fountain’s attractiveness and offers corrosion resistance, ensuring longevity.
The bottom cover plate is a thoughtful addition, neatly concealing plumbing and internal components for a streamlined look. The fact that it’s rated for both indoor and outdoor use significantly increases its versatility.
It is compact yet robust, weighing just 16 ounces and with dimensions of 12.13 x 13 x 6.5 inches. In short, the Elkay Soft Sides Single Fountain is a worthwhile investment for those seeking a reliable and attractive water fountain with bottle filler.
- Stainless steel color and brass material provide a sleek, modern look.
- Contoured design enhances aesthetic appeal while ensuring user safety.
- Mechanical push-button bubbler ensures water provision even without electricity.
- The Flexi-Guard bubbler acts as a protective mouthguard for users.
- A corrosion-resistant stainless steel finish guarantees durability.
- Concealed plumbing and internal components give it a neat appearance.
- Rated for both indoor and outdoor use, enhancing its versatility.
- Compact size and lightweight make installing and fitting in various spaces easy.
- The mechanical push-button bubbler might require regular maintenance.
- While the stainless steel finish is attractive, it might show fingerprints and smudges.
- Even though it’s light and compact, some might find it too small for larger settings.
- Its power source is corded electric, which could limit placement options.
Elkay EDFP214C Fountain
The Elkay EDFP214C Fountain impressed me with its superb functionality and design. Crafted from high-quality stainless steel, this water fountain with bottle filler adds a sleek touch to my space and assures longevity.
I was particularly drawn to the contoured design, which provides a safe drinking experience. The Mechanical push-button catcher is a lifesaver during power outages, ensuring an uninterrupted water supply.
Another feature I appreciate is the Flexi-Guard bubbler, which acts as an antimicrobial mouth guard, putting hygiene at the forefront. The bottom cover neatly conceals the plumbing work and internal components, maintaining a clean look.
I must also mention its versatility, rated for indoor and outdoor use. To sum it up, the Elkay EDFP214C Fountain has surpassed my expectations with its features and performance.
- The Elkay EDFP214C Fountain is made of durable stainless steel, ensuring longevity.
- Its contoured design provides an attractive and safe product.
- The Mechanical push-button bubbler activation is highly reliable, providing water even during interrupted electrical service.
- The fountain includes a Flexi-Guard bubbler a flexible antimicrobial mouth guard that ensures hygiene.
- It has a bottom cover plate that neatly conceals plumbing and internal components, maintaining a clean look.
- It is rated for both indoor and outdoor use, offering great flexibility.
- The Elkay EDFP214C Fountain might require professional installation, which some DIY enthusiasts might not prefer.
- While attractive and durable, the stainless steel finish may not suit all decor styles.
Factors To Consider When Choosing A Water Fountain With Bottle Filler
When choosing a water fountain with bottle filler, it’s essential to consider the product’s durability. The fountain should be constructed from sturdy, corrosion-resistant materials to withstand heavy use and harsh weather conditions, especially if it’s intended for outdoor use.
The housing material of your water fountain with bottle filler is critical. This component significantly influences the fountain’s durability, maintenance requirements, and aesthetics.
Stainless steel is a common choice due to its high degree of durability and resistance to corrosion, making it ideal for indoor and outdoor settings.
In addition to being easy to clean, stainless steel offers a sleek, modern appearance that can complement a variety of spaces.
However, other materials like plastic may be suitable for certain situations, and they often come at a lower cost but may lack the same level of durability. Choosing a housing material that balances longevity, appearance, and cost is crucial to best suit your needs.
Material of Finish
Another important aspect to consider is the type of finish on your water fountain with bottle filler. The finish not only impacts the overall aesthetics of the fountain but can also affect its resistance to wear and tear.
Some popular choices include chrome and powder-coated finishes. Chrome finishes are typically sleek and modern, require less upkeep, and are corrosion-resistant.
On the other hand, powder-coated finishes are very durable, can be produced in nearly any color, and resist scratches, fading, and chipping. However, the choice ultimately depends on your personal preference, the environment in which the fountain will be placed, and your maintenance capabilities.
Another critical aspect to consider is the user-friendliness of the water fountain. Features such as easy-to-use push buttons for water flow control and a clear, adjustable stream make the fountain more convenient for all ages and abilities.
Additionally, a vandal-resistant bubbler head ensures the fountain remains functional and safe even in high-traffic areas. Look for these features and any other special accommodations that may make the fountain more accessible for all users.
Water Filtration System
If you’re concerned about the quality of your water, consider purchasing a water fountain with a built-in filtration system. This can help to remove impurities and improve the taste of the water.
Some models offer various filtration options, such as carbon or UV filters, allowing you to choose the best fit for your needs. While this may add cost to the fountain, it can provide peace of mind and save money on purchasing bottled water in the long run.
Overall, carefully consider your water filtration needs when selecting a water fountain with bottle filler.
Lastly, consider any additional features the water fountain offers. For example, some models come equipped with a sensor-activated bottle filler for hands-free use, making it convenient for users on the go.
Others may have a refrigeration option for chilled water, which can be desirable in hot climates. Additionally, some fountains offer customization options, such as adding a logo or message to the front panel. This makes it ideal for commercial spaces showcasing their brand or message.
Consider your specific needs and preferences when evaluating these additional features to find the perfect water fountain with bottle filler for your space.
Capacity and Flow Rate
The capacity and flow rate of the water fountain are also important. If the fountain is to be installed in a location with high traffic, such as a school or a public park, it should have a high flow rate to fill bottles quickly and efficiently.
A multiple-station fountain can also be beneficial in these situations, allowing more than one person to fill their bottles simultaneously.
The capacity levels of a water fountain with bottle fillers can vary greatly depending on the model and its intended use. Some models have a capacity of just a few gallons, suitable for personal or small office use.
In contrast, others can hold up to several tens of gallons, designed to cater to high-traffic areas like public parks, schools, and large office buildings.
Furthermore, some advanced models offer refrigeration units, maintaining a large volume of chilled water ready for use. It’s essential to consider your specific needs and the volume of users when choosing the capacity of your water fountain with bottle filler.
When buying a water fountain with bottle filler, understanding the flow rate is essential. The flow rate is the speed at which water flows from the fountain to your bottle, measured in gallons per minute (GPM).
A higher flow rate means your bottle fills up quicker, saving time, especially in high-traffic areas like gyms or schools. However, a too-high flow rate could lead to splashing or water waste.
On the other hand, a lower flow rate might be more suitable for places where noise control is important, as faster flow rates can be noisier.
Most bottle-filling stations have a flow rate between 0.5 to 1.5 GPM. It’s crucial to consider your needs and environment when deciding on the ideal flow rate for your water fountain with bottle filler.
Compliance with Standards
Compliance with standards is another essential factor. For instance, the water fountain should be ADA-compliant to accommodate individuals with disabilities.
In addition, it’s worth considering whether the product is made locally or abroad, as local products often come with better warranties and customer support.
Moreover, checking for certifications such as NSF/ANSI 61 and UL/cUL can provide peace of mind, knowing that the product meets safety and quality standards.
By choosing a water fountain with bottle filler that complies with industry standards, you can ensure a reliable and safe product for your intended usage.
In addition to flow rate, compliance with standards is another crucial aspect when purchasing a water fountain with bottle filler.
For instance, the product should be ADA-compliant to accommodate individuals with disabilities.
Furthermore, it’s essential to check for certifications such as NSF/ANSI 61 and UL/cUL, which ensure that the product meets safety and quality standards. These certifications provide peace of mind for consumers, knowing that they are investing.
Filtered or Non-Filtered:
Finally, it’s crucial to consider whether you want a filtered or non-filtered water fountain. A filtered fountain removes impurities from the water, improving its taste. However, if the source water is already treated, a non-filtered fountain can be a more economical choice.
Additionally, filtered fountains may require regular maintenance and filter replacements. Assessing your water source and determining the necessity for a filtered fountain before purchasing is important.
By carefully considering all these factors, you can select a suitable water fountain with bottle filler that meets your needs and ensures safe, refreshing hydration at any time.
In conclusion, when purchasing a water fountain with bottle filler, there are several factors to consider. From durability and housing material to user-friendliness and additional features, it’s important to carefully evaluate each aspect to find the best fit for your needs.
You can provide a convenient and eco-friendly solution for accessing clean water in any environment with the right choice.
Whether for school, gym, office, or home use, a water fountain with bottle filler is a highly practical and beneficial addition to any space. So, next time you’re hunting for a new water fountain, remember these essential factors to make an informed and satisfactory purchase.
To sum up, when purchasing a water fountain with bottle filler, consider attributes such as flow rate, compliance with standards, and filtered or non-filtered options to make the best decision for your intended usage and environment.
Remember: a well-informed purchase leads to long-term satisfaction!
FAQs About Water Fountain With Bottle Filler
What is a water fountain with bottle filler?
A water fountain with bottle filler is a modern hydration solution that provides easy access to drinking water. It’s a combination of a traditional water fountain and a bottle-filling station.
The traditional part of the fountain allows people to drink directly from it, just like any public water fountain. However, the bottle filler feature allows individuals to refill personal water bottles quickly, cleanly, and conveniently.
This feature encourages the use of reusable water bottles, thus reducing plastic waste.
These fountains are ideal for high-traffic areas such as schools, gyms, offices, and public parks. They come in various designs, some wall-mounted, others free-standing, and can be equipped with filters to ensure the water is clean and safe to drink.
How does a water fountain with bottle filler work?
The bottle filler aspect of the fountain operates by a sensor. When you place your water bottle in the designated area, the sensor detects the bottle and initiates the water flow. This touchless feature ensures a high sanitary standard, reducing the spread of germs.
Is a water fountain with bottle filler easy to install?
Yes, installing a water fountain with bottle filler is generally straightforward, although it may require professional assistance depending on the specific model and location.
Most units are designed for easy installation with clear instructions, ensuring a seamless integration into your environment.
Are water fountains with bottle fillers durable and easy to maintain?
A water fountain with bottle fillers is designed for durability and ease of maintenance. They are typically made from robust materials like stainless steel that can withstand heavy use.
Regular maintenance primarily involves changing the filter, which is straightforward and ensures clean, fresh drinking water.
Why should I choose a water fountain with bottle filler?
For several reasons, a water fountain with bottle filler can be a fantastic choice.
First, it promotes sustainability by encouraging reusable bottles, which helps reduce plastic waste. Secondly, they typically feature water filtration systems, providing clean, fresh-tasting water whenever needed.
Lastly, it’s a great convenience feature – you can fill your bottle quickly and return to your workout or whatever activity you’re doing.
How can a water fountain with bottle filler contribute to my health?
In addition to providing convenient hydration, many water fountains with bottle fillers include built-in filtration systems. This means they can help remove impurities and contaminants from your water, offering better-tasting and potentially healthier water.
Plus, by making hydration easy, they help encourage regular water intake, which is crucial for overall health and wellness.
Regardless of whether you are in a park, school, or gymnasium, access to clean drinking water is essential for everyone’s well-being. The Elkay LK4409BFRED Wall Mounted Outdoor Bi-Level Drinking Fountain, and Bottle Filler is a fantastic option for such places.
Its durable and resilient construction, multiple stations, and user-friendly features offer users convenience and practicality. Plus, it’s ADA Compliant and made in America, making it an excellent choice for public spaces. The non-filtered feature may be a minor downside, but using already-treated water can easily be remedied.
Overall, I highly recommend this product for its functionality and value. So, quench your thirst with the Elkay LK4409BFRED Wall Mounted Outdoor Bi-Level Drinking Fountain and Bottle Filler!
In conclusion, a water fountain with bottle filler is valuable to any high-traffic environment, whether a gym, school, or office. Its dual functionality, touchless operation, and integrated filtration system provide a practical, hygienic, and sustainable solution for hydration needs.
Promoting the use of reusable bottles helps significantly in reducing plastic waste, making it an environmentally conscious choice. Its durability and easy maintenance add to the appeal, making it a worthwhile investment.
So, if you’re considering upgrading your hydration station, a water fountain with bottle filler could be exactly what you need. Choose convenience, sustainability, and wellness with this innovative solution!
The post Quenching Thirst Sustainably: A Review Of The Best Water Fountain With Bottle Filler appeared first on Reference Home Theater.
In an era of eco-friendliness and health consciousness, introducing the water fountain with bottle fillers has been a game changer. This innovative combination not only presents a sustainable solution to the excessive use of plastic bottles but also aligns with our fast-paced, health-oriented lifestyles. This article examines these modern hydration stations, their features, benefits, and…
The post Quenching Thirst Sustainably: A Review Of The Best Water Fountain With Bottle Filler appeared first on Reference Home Theater.